Basics of bonds investment

There are characteristics that become attributes commonly attached to bonds. It is necessary to know in advance that you who intend to invest are not confused with the terms that become a mention of the characteristics of bonds. Here are some characteristics of bond characteristics that you need to know and understand. Aside from that, hiring the professional Fort Lauderdale bail bonds can also help you to make the right decisions.

1. Nominal Value or Par Value

Inte$reted as the principal value obtained by the bondholder when the maturity date arrives. As an illustration, PT X issues bonds in the primary market (first-time sales) with a nominal value of $100 billion with a minimum purchase of $ 1 billion. The initial sale price of the bonds is converted in percentage to 100% which is referred to as the par value or stingray price.

Bonds that have become the property of investors are then recorded and traded in the secondary market at a price that is certainly not the same (fluctuate). The price that was originally 100% could be 110%, 115%, or 118%. That is if the bonds are worth $1 billion (100%) and in the secondary market to 110%, the interested enthusiasts of the bond must spend $1.1 billion.

2. Interest Rate / Coupon Bond (Interest Rate / Coupon Bond)

Is the interest included in the nominal value/value of bonds pair that obliged to be paid to bondholders. Coupon payments are made at a certain period of time. Usually every 3 months or 6 months. The bond coupon consists of several types, including fixed coupon (coupon) and floating / variable coupon (floating / variable coupon).

The difference, fixed coupon (fixed coupon) has the same amount starting from the beginning set to maturity. While floating / variable coupon (floating / variable coupon) has a quantity that refers to the reference rate. For example, bonds held with a nominal value of $ 1 billion are subject to 7% fixed coupon and are paid per 6 (six) months then the value of the coupon received is 7% x $1 billion = $70,000,000.

3. Maturity Date

It is time for bondholders to receive back the face value (debt) of the bond issuer. Different maturity assignments for each publisher, both State and private. There is 1 year, some are 5 years old. The difference is, the shorter the time, the more likely to be predictable, the risk is small, but the total profit earned from the coupon payment is not great. Conversely, the longer the time, tend to be more difficult to predict (the impact of inflation and interest rates that are not always stable), the risk is greater, but the total profit gained from the coupon payment is greater.

What is Solar System?

Solar Energy System (Solar System) is one of renewable energy (renewable energy). The sun (solar) is the energy encountered in the galaxy system, which produces energy that is collected directly from sunlight. One example of solar system utilisation is a solar home system where energy from the sun is converted into electrical energy for life and human needs every day. To know more about off grid solar system, you can visit our website.

Basically, Solar Home System is a form of application from solar power, the solar power plant is a simple concept. That is to convert sunlight into electrical energy. Solar natural resources are already widely used to supply electrical power in satellite communication solar panels. This solar cell can produce unlimited electrical energy directly taken from the sun, without any parts that spin and do not require fuel. So the solar cell system is often said to be clean and environmentally friendly.

The solar cell system used on the surface of the earth consists of solar panels, charger controller circuit and 12-volt batteries that are maintenance free. The solar panel is a module consisting of several solar cells incorporated in series and parallel connections depending on the size and capacity required. Which is often used is a 50Wp module. The solar module produces a proportional electrical energy with the surface area of the panel exposed to the sun.

Solar Home System Components

1. Solar Module

2. AC Module

3. Controller

4. Battery / Accu

The electric load for solar home systems is generally just an energy-saving lamp because for a considerable load of solar panels it has not been able to fulfil it. Therefore, solar panels are only suitable for remote areas that have not received electricity from electricity centre. Because generally they only need lighting to support the feasibility of their lives.